There are two main types of diabetes; Type 1 and Type 2. We see people with both these types, as well as some less common causes. There is currently no known cure for either type of diabetes.
Read more about Type 1 and 2 diabetes
As part of your first appointment you may have a number of tests for diabetes to either check whether you have diabetes (and what type) or monitor your treatment and manage your condition. These may include:
Diagnosing your condition
A blood glucose (sugar) test.
You’ll have a blood test done when you have an empty stomach, so is usually done first thing in the morning before breakfast. Often this is repeated again on another day to confirm the diagnosis.
Glucose tolerance test
If there is some question as to whether or not you have diabetes you may be asked to have a glucose tolerance test. For this test you have a blood test, then drink a very sweet drink and 2 hours later have another blood test.
Finger prick testing
A very quick test where your finger is pricked, a drop of blood is collected on a strip. This is then examined by a small hand-held machine called a blood glucose meter. Depending on the type of diabetes you have, you may have one of these machines at home and do your own test daily or a few times a week.
Glycosylated haemoglobin test (HbA1c).
This is a test that is used to keep track of how your diabetes has been managed over the last 2 to 3 months. You might have 2 to 4 of these tests a year. These will be arranged by your General Practitioner (GP), Specialist or diabetes nurse attached to your GP practice.
Annual check ups
It is important for all people with diabetes to get an annual check-up with your GP. This may include blood and urine tests as well as tests for your heart and eyes.
Find out more about diabetes tests
A variety of health professionals work together in our Diabetes and Endocrine service to treat patients and support GPs to manage diabetes in the community. All types of diabetes are treated with a combination of diet, exercise and medications.
You will receive lots of information about what you can do to manage your diabetes and blood sugar levels when you attend one of our diabetes clinics or an appointment with a specialist.
Find out more about managing your diabetes